Dіffеrеnсе Bеtwееn Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational Surrogacy

Dіffеrеnсе Bеtwееn Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational Surrogacy


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Many couples dream of having children, but several medical conditions may prevent them from conceiving and will cause infertility, such as hormonal issues, obesity, tumors, or other chronic medical illnesses. One solution to consider is to have a woman carry the embryo and give birth to the baby. This is called surrogacy and there are two types of surrogacy to choose from.


The first type is traditional surrogacy, also known as partial or straight surrogacy. In this type of surrogacy, the woman who will carry and deliver the child, called the surrogate, provides the egg while the intended child’s biological father provides the sperm. The common method used to create an embryo is intrauterine insemination (IUI), where the physician uses a syringe to place the washed sperm directly inside the uterus. There are alternative methods such as the intracervical insemination (ICI) or intravaginal insemination (IVI), though their success rates are significantly lower than IUI.


The second type is gestational surrogacy, also known as full or host surrogacy. One fundamental concept of this type is that the baby is not related to the woman who carries him (called the gestationalcarrier). The intended biological parents may provide both the egg and the sperm after undergoing medical tests and taking fertility drugs. If they can only provide either the egg or the sperm, a sperm donor or an egg donor other than the carrier is required. It is also possible to use a donor embryo to have a child who is genetically unrelated to any of the intended parents. The egg is fertilized through the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF), which happens outside the female body in a laboratory, and the embryo is later implanted in the uterus of the carrier.


Between the two types, traditional surrogacy is generally less expensive as the couple does not need to pay the fee for egg donation or fertility drugs. Although the amount may vary according to the state laws and the services used, the intended parents will typically only need to cover the medical expenses, legal fees, and the compensation for the surrogate. The intended mother will not be tested medically because she does not provide her eggs. The insemination process can be repeated every few weeks should it fail on the first try. Furthermore, IUI and ICI are much less expensive than. However, traditional surrogacy is often tricky because of the genetic link between the child and the surrogate. The surrogate may find it difficult to separate from the baby. This may cause legal problems, such as custody or adoption issues. Gestational surrogacy can be a safer choice despite the high cost because the baby is not related to the carrier. This facilitates a meaningful relationship between the intended parents and the carrier with little to no legal complication.


There are various factors affecting surrogacy, so it is possible to modify them and find a procedure which is appropriate for each couple’s situation. It is recommended to discuss all possibilities in detail with a medical professional and legal counselor for the best course of action.