A Look аt thе Meaning оf Mаlе аnd Fеmаlе Infеrtіlіtу

A Look аt thе Meaning оf Mаlе аnd Fеmаlе Infеrtіlіtу

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A man and woman who have been unable to have a baby after consistently trying for a year or longer are deemed infertile. Many people take "infertility" to mean there's a problem with the woman's reproductive system, but in reality, both men and women suffer from infertility. When a woman is infertile, it means she's unable to become pregnant or if she gets pregnant, she's unable to carry the baby to term. When a man is infertile, it means he's unable to get a woman pregnant. 


Infertility is separated into two categories called primary and secondary infertility. Primary infertility describes a couple who has had unprotected sex regularly for a year that hasn't resulted in a pregnancy. This couple has never had children. On the other hand, secondary infertility describes a couple with at least one biological child. This couple tried to have more children, but it hasn't happened even though they've tried for a year.  


It's not surprising that some people struggle with infertility. Creating human life is an intricate biological dance and everything must occur precisely as planned before the woman can become pregnant. Pregnancy can occur when one of the woman's ovaries releases a viable egg, which travels through one of the fallopian tubes and is met by healthy, viable sperm. This fertilized egg must then travel down that fallopian tube to implant itself in the woman's uterus. If all goes well for the next nine months, the fertilized egg will grow into a baby. It sounds simple enough, but if anything goes wrong in any of these stages, odds are the woman won't become pregnant or she'll suffer a miscarriage.   


Sadly, doctors don't know all the reasons that infertility happens. Sometimes the couple's reproductive systems are perfectly healthy, yet they've been unable to have a child. So, struggling to have a baby doesn't necessarily mean that something is wrong. Despite this, it makes sense to have a physical before trying to have a baby so the parents can create the best gestation environment for the fetus. It's also important to note that infertility isn't all mystery. Doctors might not have all the answers, but they do know several factors that cause infertility and it's often different for women and men.     

Some causes of infertility in women: 

·       She doesn't ovulate regularly due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or another condition.   

·       She has issues with the fallopian tubes where there's a blockage or other damage making it impossible for the sperm to swim to the egg and the egg to travel to the uterus. 

·       She has endometriosis or fibroids. 

·       She has an abnormally shaped uterus which makes it impossible for the baby to grow. 


Some causes of infertility in men: 


·       He suffers from varicocele, which is swollen veins in the sack that holds his testicles.  

·   He suffers from erectile dysfunction (ED), meaning he's unable to sustain an erection long enough to complete the sexual act and deliver his sperm into the female's body. 

·       He has issues with his sperm. Perhaps he suffers from a low sperm count due to injury, illness, genetics, or medications. Maybe he produces abnormal sperm that don’t swim vigorously towards the female's egg. 

·       He has swollen testicles or one or more undescended testicles. 


There are some causes of infertility that are common between women and men. For instance, people are starting their families later in life and, unfortunately, older couples are more likely to deal with infertility. We’re not talking about couples in their 50s, either, because fertility rates drop much earlier than that. For example, women over 35 are more likely to struggle with getting pregnant and they're more likely to experience a miscarriage as well. Likewise, a man's sperm quality declines with age.  Over time, his semen will contain less sperm and these sperm won't swim as vigorously to meet the woman's egg. However, age is only one small factor.  Genetics, medical history, and lifestyle choices greatly affect fertility too.  

  • Kristin L

    May 19, 2017

    I used to hear several people blaming the women for not being able to get children. Only a few managed to get the men tested and found the real cause of the infertility. It's very important to always keep both sides informed and tested because this is a process that takes two to success.

  • Sarah Rogers

    May 28, 2017

    It seems all the have been covered here. Infertility sure stinks, especially since families have been made since the beginning of time, so you don't really realize there's an issue until it happens to you.