What is gender selection?
This is a reproductive technology that can increase the odds of a couple to either have a boy or a girl, depending on the couple’s preference. There are several reasons a couple may desire to do this; it may be a need to equalize the gender of the family, to evade genetic maladies that are familiar in a particular gender, it could also be, to accommodate traditional or social standards.
There are several techniques used in gender selection, majority of them involves the separation of the X chromosome from the Y chromosomes in the sperm or the collection of embryos with the male or female DNA, this is to improve the odds of giving birth to a child of the preferred gender. PGD is one technique used for this purpose. Once embryos are analyzed for both DNA and cell structure, it is possible to determine their sex. Embryos of the preferred gender will then be implanted into the mother’s uterus with the use of IVF procedures.
Gender selection can be quite controversial. When the reasons for gender selection are emotional or social in nature, instead for the purpose of avoiding a genetically based disorder, the couple’s ethics are called into question. This procedure is offered at some clinics in the United States, but it is usually given only to patients with genuine concern about any genetic disorders or couples dealing with family balancing.
What are the results?
While the longstanding effect of this method on the fetus is not well-known, there are no existing reports of augmented anomalies following the practice of PGD. With PGD, there is a 98% chance that the implanted embryo will not carry the genetic abnormality. Also, the PGD technique provides couples with a 99 percent chance of having a baby of their desired gender.
What are the risks?
The risk with PGD, as with all other tests, is not knowing if the result is going to be positive or negative. This is because a lot of embryos demonstrate chromosomal variations from cell to cell. As a result, the cell taken for surgery may not embody the other cells of the embryo.
This is because only one or two cells are accessible for genetic analysis, inconclusive genetic test results can lead to a wrong diagnosis. Because misdiagnosis is likely, PGD is frequently confirmed by further testing usually done in the early stages of pregnancy to detect certain problems. Such tests consist of chorionic villi sampling or amniocentesis.
The need to pick the gender of an unborn baby is as old as the earth itself. A good example is a martial society, where they desire a male child to become an heir to the throne. In recent times, nonetheless, girls are gradually becoming the desired sex. Through the passage of time, most people have attempted several methods to influence the sex of a baby, but virtually no one has been effective. Some of these methods includes; different Sexual styles, planning sex based on a certain time of the year, attempting various food and certain ways of preparing foods are all very unempirical methods of influencing the gender of a baby. Some of these techniques might boost the possibility of giving birth to a desired sex but none is assured to be effective. Presently, the best way for determining the gender of the child is via a technique called Preconception Gender Selection (PGS). A process whereby the embryo acquired has undergone genetic analysis on a cell detached from the embryo at the cell stage 8.
As it is popularly known, X and Y are the sex chromosomes. A male possesses 46 chromosomes and an X and Y chromosome and this is written as 46, XY. Women have 2 X chromosomes of about 46, XX, a woman gamete consist of 23 chromosomes: 22 chromosomes plus one X chromosome. Male gametes have either one X or Y chromosome in addition to the 22 other chromosomes to make a total of 23. While eggs carry only the X chromosome, there are two types of sperm cells, ones that carry the X and ones that carry the Y chromosome. One can gather from this that the sex chromosome that is found in the sperm cell decides the gender of the baby. The sex of a baby can be chosen by sperm-separating process or by embryo testing and selecting the embryos with the desired sex to transfer back into the uterus.
In sex related conditions, a woman carrying an x-linked disease will affect the son with the disease. In such a situation, like PGD (Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis) ought to be done, when possible, to eradicate the affected embryos or PGS to select the female embryos for transfer.
Some folks might like to make use this method to attain a balance amongst the children. The criteria our clinic follows for this process is as follows:
- The folks who applies must be wedded.
- The female spouse should be 18 years and above.
- The couple should have a child that is of the opposite of the gender they applyed for
- Systematic Procedures
- Techniques employed before pregnancy